Have You Heard From Johannesburg - Seven Stories of the GLOBAL anti-apartheid movement

John Halfpenny
John Halfpenny

Communist Party of Australia; Amalgamated Metalworkers' Union

John Halfpenny was a long-time member of the Communist Party of Australia and active trade unionist.  His Communist involvement led him to get involved in a range of international issues, including apartheid in South Africa.

John Minto
John Minto

Halt All Racist Tours

In September 1979, HART (Halt All Racist Tours) held its Stop the '81 Tour planning conference. Eighty people attended, many of them veterans of previous campaigns. Two could remember opposition to the 1928 rugby tour of South Africa. There was also a group of younger activists, including John Minto, who had become involved in HART in the mid 1970s.

Kader Asmal
Kader Asmal

African National Congress

Kader Asmal was born on 8 October 1934, in the small rural town of Stanger, KwaZulu Natal (then Natal). Young Asmal was raised in a vibrant, lower middle-class family. His mother was a home-maker while his father was a shopkeeper, a shop assistant and unemployed respectively. Although not overtly political, his parents encouraged lively debate in the family of 10.
 

Karel Roskam
Karel Roskam

Comité Zuid-Afrika

Karel Roskam traveled to South Africa as a student in the late 1950s,during the course of which he attended the infamous Treason Trial, meeting many members of the ANC. Upon returning to the Netherlands, he wrote his thesis for the University of Amsterdam in 1960 on racial relations in South Africa.

Kenneth Kaunda
Kenneth Kaunda

President of Zambia

Born in April 1924 at Lubwa Mission in the northern province of the Republic of Zambia, Kenneth Kaunda became President of the Republic of Zambia in October 1964.

Knut Vollebaek
Knut Vollebaek

Norwegian Foreign Ministry

Knut Vollebaek studied at the Norwegian School For Economics and Business Administration and the University of California, Santa Barbara.

Leon Sullivan
Leon Sullivan

General Motors; anti-apartheid activist

Reverend Sullivan was a Baptist minister, a civil rights leader and social activist focusing on the creation of job training opportunities for African-Americans, a longtime General Motors Board Member, and an anti-Apartheid activist...

Mac Maharaj
Mac Maharaj

South African Communist Party; African National Congress

Maharaj was a political activist and member of the South African Communist Party, who worked closely on anti-apartheid activities with Nelson Mandela, with whom he was incarcerated on Robben Island following the Little Rivonia Trial. In prison he secretly transcribed Mandela's memoir Long Walk to Freedom and smuggled it out of the prison in 1976...

Majakathata Mokoena
Majakathata Mokoena

South African Students Association

A student leader during the uprisings of June 1976, Majakathata Mokoena has since worked as an international entrepreneur - a consultant in the computing, telecommunications and financial industries. He has also been a prolific writer on the subject of individual rights and market economies.

Margaret Brink
Margaret Brink

Black Sash; International Defence and Aid Fund for Southern Africa

Margaret Brink was born in Pretoria and studied political science at the then whites-only Natal University. She taught at an expensive boys' school in Johannesburg, but soon gravitated to teaching at night schools for blacks (including at Father Trevor Huddleston’s Sophiatown school), which were made illegal under the Bantu Education Act of 1953. Brink and her twin sister Elizabeth were among the founders of the Black Sash group, a non-violent white women’s resistance organization.